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  L' écotourisme dans le Monde


 

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

                                            L'écotourisme sur le Net

 

 

"Ecotourism is a responsible travel to natural areas which conserves the environment and improves the welfare of local people " (The Ecotourism Society)

"Ecological tourism implies a scientific, aesthetic  or philosophical approach although the ecological tourist is not required to be a professional scientist, artist or philosopher. The main point is that the person who practices ecotourism has the opportunity of immersing him or herself in nature in a way most people cannot enjoy in their routine, urban existence. This person will eventually acquire a consciousness that will convert him/her into somebody keenly involved in conservation issues" (CEBALLOS-LACURAIN in ZIFFER  K., 1989.- Ecotourism :the uneasy alliance, Washington, Conservation international, Ernst and Young edit., p.5 )

 

ACHAMA F., 1995 -. Defining ecotourism. In: L. Haysith and Harvey, J. (eds). Nature Conservation and Ecotourism in Central America. Wildlife Conservation Society, Florida, pp. 23-32.

AGARDY M.T., 1993 -. Accommodating ecotourism in multiple use planning of coastal and marine protected areas. Ocean & Coastal Management. Vol.20(3), pp. 219-239.

AYALA H., 1995 -. From quality product to eco-product: will Fiji set a precedent? Tourism Management. vol. 16(1), pp. 39-47.

AYALA H. , 1996. –Resort ecotourism: a paradigm  for the 21st century , The Cornell Hotel and restaurant Administration Quarterly vol.37 n° 5 , 1er October 1996 , p.46. 

 

 

BALLANTINE J. & EAGLES  P., 1994 .- Defining Canadian ecotourists. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Vol.2(4), pp. 210-220.

BARKER N.H.L & ROBERTS C.M , 2004.- Scuba divers and the management of diving impact on coral reefs , Biological Conservation vol.120 , n°4 , December 2004,p.481-489.

BARNES  J.L. (1996).- Economic characteristics of the demand for wildlife-viewing tourism in Botswana. Development Southern Africa.vol.13(3), pp. 377-397.

BEAUMONT  N., 2001 .- Ecotourism and the conservation ethic: Recruiting the uninitiated or preaching to the converted? Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Vol.9(4), pp. 281-297.

BERNO T., 2003.- Local control and the sustainability of Tourism in the Cook islands in HARRISON D. (Ed.) , Pacific Island Tourism, Cognizant Communication Corporation edit., Elmsford, N.Y,  coll. Tourism dynamics , 203 p. , p. 94-109.

BERRY  J.W, 1990.- Psychology of acculturation : Understanding individual moving between cultures in BRISLIN R.  ( Ed.), Applied cross-cultural Psychology , Newbury Park ,Sage edit., p. 232-253. 

BERRY J.W  & KIM C. L, 1988. - Comparative studies of acculturative stress , International Migrations Review vol.21, p. 490-511.

BLAMEY.K., 1997 .- Ecotourism: the search for an operational definition, Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Vol.5(2), pp. 109-130.

BLAMEY R.K., 1995 . -The elusive market profile: operationalising ecotourism. Paper presented at the Geography of Sustainable Tourism Conference. Australia: University of Canberra, September.

BLAMEY R.K., 1995 .- Profiling the ecotourism market. In: H. Richins, J. Richardson, and A. Crabtree (eds). Ecotourism and Nature-Based Tourism: Taking Next Steps. The Ecotourism Association of Australia Conference Proceedings, Red Hill, pp. 1-8.

BLAMEY R.K. &  BRAITHWAITE V.A., 1997 .- A social values segmentation of the potential ecotourism market. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Vol.5(1), pp. 29-45.

BOO E., 1991 .- Ecotourism: a tool for conservation and development. In: J.A. Kusler, (compiler). Ecotourism and Resource Conservation, A Collection of Papers. Vol 1, Omnipress, Madison, 54-60.

BOO E., 1991 .- Planning for ecotourism. Parks. 2(3), pp. 4-8.

BOO E., 1992 .- The Ecotourism Boom: Planning for Development and Management WHN technical paper series. Paper 2, Washington, DC: WWF.

BOO E., 1993.- Ecotourism planning for protected areas. In: K. Lindberg and D.E. Hawkins (eds). Ecotourism: Guide for Planners & Managers. North Bennington: The Ecotourism Society, pp. 15-31.

BOTTRILL C.G. & PEARCE, D.G. , 1995 .- Ecotourism: towards a key elements to operationalising the concept, Journal of Sustainable Tourism. vol. 3(1), pp. 45-54.

BOYD S.W. & BUTLER  R.W.,1996.- Seeing the forest through the trees using geographical information systems to identify potential ecotourism sites in Northern Ontario, Canada. In: L.C. Harrison and Husbands W. (eds). Practicing Responsible Tourism: International Case Studies in Tourism Planning, Policy and Development. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 380-403. BOYD S.W. & BUTLER  R.W. (1996). Managing ecotourism: an opportunity spectrum approach, Tourism Management. Vol.17(8), pp. 557-566.

BRANDON K., 1996.- Ecotourism and Conservation: A Review of Key Issues, Environmental Department Papers, Paper No.033, The World Bank, Washington, DC.

BRETON J. M, 2005.- L’écotourisme entre mythe et paradigme . Quels enjeux et défis pour les régions ultra-périphériques ? Pour une gestion participative du tourisme et de l’environnement au profit d’un développement touristique durable et viable in: BRETON J. M (Sous la dir . de), Tourisme, environnement et aires protégées ( Antilles-Guyane / Haïti / Québec ), Paris, éditions Karthala / CREJETA, 525 p. , p. 497-519.

BRIGUGLIO L., BUTLER R., HARRISON D.& LEAL FILHO W. ( Eds.) , 1996.- Sustainable Tourism in islands and small states . Case studies, London , Pinter Press edit.

BRISTOW R.S, 2009.- Protected areas and regional development in Europe – towards a new model for the 21st century, Current Issues in Tourism, Volume 12, Issue 2, 2009, P. 296 – 299.

BRITTON S., 1987.- Tourism in Pacific island states : Constraints and opportunities in .BRITTON S. & CLARKE W.C ( Eds.) , Ambiguous alternative Tourism in small developing countries, Suva , University of the South Pacific edit. , p. 167-187.

BRITTON S.,1987.- Tourism in small developing countries  : Development issues and research needs in S.BRITTON  & CLARKE W.C ( Eds.) , Ambiguous alternatives  : Tourism in small developing countries ,Suva , University of the South Pacific edit. ,  p.167-187

BUCKLEY R., 1994 .-A Framework for ecotourism, Annals of Tourism Research. 21 (4), pp. 661-669.

BUCKLEY R., 2004.- Environmental Impacts of Ecotourism, Cabi publishing edit., coll. Science, 389 p.

BUCKLEY R.C & CLOUGH E., 1997.- Who is selling Ecotourism to whom?, Annals of Tourism Research vol.24 n° 2 ,p.479. 

BUDOWSKI G. (1995).- Interpretation of tropical rainforests for ecotourists. In: D. Hawking, M. E. Wood, and S. Bittman (eds). The Ecolodge Sourcebook For Planners and Developers, The Ecotourism Society, North Bennigton, pp. 79-83.

BURNIE D., 1994.- Ecotourists to paradise . New Scientist vol.142, n° 1921, p.23-27.

BUTLER R. W, 1980.- Alternative Tourism: Pious hope or Trojan horse , Journal of Travel Research vol.28 n°3 , p. 40-45

BUTLER R. W, 1992.  - Alternative Tourism: the thin end of the wedge in SMITH W.L & BADINGTON W.R ( Eds.), Tourism, alternatives: potentials and problems in the development of Tourism , Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania  Press edit., p.31-46. 

 

 

CATER E., 1993. Ecotourism in the third world: problems for sustainable tourism development. Tourism Management. Vol.14(2), pp. 85-90.

CATER, E., 1994 . Ecotourism in the third world: problems and prospects for sustainability. In: Cater, E. and Lowman, G. (eds). Ecotourism: a Sustainable Option? Wiley: Chichester, pp. 69-86.

CATER E. 1995. -Ecotourism in the Third World--Problems and prospects for sustainability. In E. Cater and G. Lowman, eds. Ecotourism: A Sustainable Option? Chichester: John Wiley & Sons edit . p. 68-87.  

CATER E. & LOWMAN G. ( eds.), 1995. - Ecotourism: A Sustainable Option? Chichester: John Wiley & Sons edit. 

CEBALLOS-LASCURAIN H., 1993 . Ecotourism as a worldwide phenomenon. In: K.Lindberg and D.E. Hawkins (eds). Ecotourism: Guide for Planners & Managers. North Bennington: The Ecotourism Society, pp. 12-14.

CEBALLOS- LASCURAIN H., 1993 . Overview on ecotourism around the world: IUCN’s ecotourism program. In: Proceedings of 1993 World Congress on Adventure Travel and Eco-tourism. Brazil: The Adventure Travel Society. Englewood, pp. 219-222.

CEBALLOS LASCURAIN, H. , 1996 . Tourism, Ecotourism, and Protected areas: Gland: IUCN.

CHAPMAN D.M., 1995 . Ecotourism in State Forests of New South Wales: Who Visits and Why? : Pennant Hills, Australia: State Forests of New South Wales and the University of Sydney.

CHARTERS  T., 1995 . The state of ecotourism in Australia. In: H. Richins, J. Richardson, and A. Crabtree (eds). Ecotourism and Nature-Based Tourism: Taking Next Steps. The Ecotourism Association of Australia Conference Proceedings. Red Hill, pp. 9-17.

CHESTER  G., 1995 . Outback ecotourism: the south Australia experience. In: Richins, H. Richardson, J. and Crabtree, A. (eds). Ecotourism and Nature-Based Tourism: Taking Next Steps. The Ecotourism Association of Australia Conference Proceedings, Red Hill, pp. 19-23.

COURRAU J., 1995 . Conservation issues in Central America. In: L. Haysith and J. Harvey (eds). Nature Conservation and Ecotourism in Central America. Florida: Wildlife Conservation Society, pp. 7-17.

 

 

D'AMORE L., 1996. – Ecotourism : a sustainable option ? Annals of Tourism Research vol. 23 n° 1 , p. 237

DAMON T.A. & VAUGHAN C. ,1995. - Ecotourism and Wildlife Conservation in Costa Rica: Potential for a Sustainable Partnership  in : John A. Bissonette and Paul R. Krausman, eds., Integrating People and Wildlife for a Sustainable Future. Bethesda, Maryland. The Wildlife Society edit.

DAVIES M. ,1990.- Wildlife as a tourism attraction , Environment  vol.20 n°3 : p. 74-77.

DEARDEN  P. ,1991,.- Tourism and sustainable development in northern Thailand  ,Geographical Review Vol.81 n°4: p.400-413.

DEARDEN P., 1995 . Ecotourism, parks and biocultural diversity: the context in Northern Thailand. In: Hiranburana, S., Stithyudhakarn, V. and Dhaabutra, P. (eds). Proceedings of Ecotourism: Concepts, Design and Strategy. Bangkok: Institute of Eco-tourism, Srinakharinwirot University Press, pp. 15-42.

DE BURLO C. DE ,2003.-   Tourism , conservation and the cultural environment in rural Vanuatu in HARRISON D. ( Ed.) , Pacific Island Tourism, Cognizant Communication Corporation edit., Elmsford, N.Y ,  coll. Tourism dynamics , 203 p. , p. 65-81.

DE GROOT R.S.- Tourism and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands Biological Conservation  vol.26:  p.291-300.

DELORT R. & WALTER F., 2001.- Histoire de l'environnement européen, Paris, P.U.F , coll. Le noeud gordien, 352 p.

DEMANGEOT J., 2003.- Les milieux "naturels" du globe, Paris, Armand Colin édit., coll. U, 9e édition, 364 p.

DEPRAZ S., 2008.- Géographie des espaces naturels protégés. Genèse, principes et enjeux territoriaux, Paris, Armand Colin édit., coll. U, 320 p.

DIAMANTIS  D, 1998 .- Environmental auditing: a tool in ecotourism development, Eco-Management and Auditing Journal. Vol.5(1), pp. 15-21.

DIAMANTIS D., 1998. - Consumer behaviour and ecotourism products, Annals of  Tourism Research vol.25 n°2 , april 1998, p.515-518.

DIMANCHE F. &  SMITH G. (1996). Is ecotourism an appropriate answer to tourism’s environmental concerns? Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing. 3(4), pp. 67-76.

DIXON J.A & SHERMAN  P.B, 1990.- Economic of protected areas- a new look at the benefits  and costs , Washington D.C , Island Press edit.

DIXON J.A. & SHERMAN P.B. , 1991. - Economics of Protected Areas , Ambio  vol.20 n° 2 , p. 68-74.

DOMINGUEZ S. & BUSTILLO J., 1995 . Support to nature conservation from ecotourism. In: Haysith L. and Harvey, J. (eds). Nature Conservation and Ecotourism in Central America. Florida: Wildlife Conservation Society, pp. 34-44.

DOUGLAS N. & DOUGLAS N. , 1992.- Social and cultural impacts of Tourism in the Pacific in HALL C.M & PAGE S.J  ( Eds.) , Tourism in the Pacific : Issues and cases, London , International Thomson Business Press edit., p. 49-64.

DOWLING. R. , 1991.- Tourism and the Natural Environment: Shark Bay, Western Australia , Tourism Recreation Research  vol.16 n°2: p. 44-48.

DOWLING, R. ,1992,. - An Ecotourism Planning Model" in : Ecotourism: Incorporating the Global Classroom. Paper presented at the International Conference on Ecotourism at University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

DOWLING R.K., 1995 .- Ecotourism and development: partners and progress. Paper presented in the National Regional Tourism Conference. Tasmania: Launceston, August.

DOWLING  R.K. (1995).- Regional ecotourism development plans: theory and practice. Paper presented in the Regional Symposium of the Geography of Sustainable Tourism: in Australia, New Zealand, South-West Pacific and South-East Asia. Canberra, Australia, September.

DOWLING, R.K. (1996).- Ecotourism: the rising star in Australia tourism. In: Strategic Alliances: Ecotourism Partnerships in Practice Conference Proceedings. Red Hill, Australia: The Ecotourism Association of Australia, pp. 19-24.

DRAKE  S. P.,1991.-Local Participation in Ecotourism Projects.  Nature Tourism: Managing for the Environment. Island Press edit., p. 132-156.

 

DRAKE  S.P.,1991,.-Development of a Local Participation Plan for Ecotourism Projects in : Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. I J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico.

 

DREDGE  D., 1994.- Urban Ecotourism and Environmental Management: A Pilot Project in Xalapa, Mexico in : P.E. Murphy, ed., Quality Management in: Urban Tourism: Balancing Business and the Environment, Conference Proceedings. Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria.

 

DROST A., 1996.- Developing sustainable tourism in World Heritage  sites, Annals of Tourism Research vol.23 n°2 , p.479-484.

 

DROUIN J.M, 1993.-  L'écologie et son histoire. Réinventer la Nature, Paris, Flammarion édit., coll. Champs, 2e édition, 213 p.

 

DUFF, L. ,1993.- Ecotourism in National Parks: Impacts and Benefits National Parks Journal, June , vol.37, p.3.

 

DUFFUS D. A., & DEARDEN P. (1990). - Non-Consumptive Wildlife-Oriented Recreation: A Conceptual Framework,   Biological Conservation.  Vol.53 , p; 213-231.

 

DURST P. B. & INGRAM C. D. , 1988. -  Nature-Oriented Tourism Promotion by Developing Countries , Tourism Management. Vol.9, n°1 , p.39-43.

 

DWORETZKY T. , 1992 . - Touring the jungle  Omni. Vol.14, n°6, p.  46-53.

 

 

EAGLES P.F. (1992).- The motivations of Canadian’s ecotourists. In: B. Weiler (eds). Ecotourism: Incorporating the Global Classroom. Canberra: Bureau of Tourism Research, pp. 12-19.

EAGLES  P.F. (1992).- The travel motivations of Canadian ecotourists, Journal of Travel Research. Vol.31(2), pp. 3-7.

EAGLES  P.F. & CASCAGNETTE, J.W. (1995).- Canadian ecotourists: who are they? Tourism Recreation Research. vol. 20(1), pp. 22-28.

EAGLES P.F.J. & KRETCHMAN, J. , 1990. - An Analysis of the Motives of Ecotourists in Comparison to the General Canadian Population , Society and Leisure , vol.13, n° 2  , p.499-508

EAGLES  P.F. &Wind, E. (1994). Canadian ecotours in 1992: a content analysis of advertising. Journal of Applied Recreation Research. 19(1), pp. 67-87.

EAGLES  P.F., BALLANTINE J.L. & FENNEL D. (1992).- Marketing to the ecotourist: case studies from Kenya and Costa Rica Paper presented to the IVth World Congress on National Parks and protected Areas. Caracas, Venezuela.

EAGLES  P.F.J., BUSE S.D. & HVENEGAARD, G.T. , 1993 ,. - Ecotourism: An Annoted Bibliography for Planners and Managers. Bennington, Vermont: The Ecotourism Society.

 

EDINGTON J. M., & EDINGTON M. A., 1986.- Ecology, Recreation, and Tourism. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press edit.

 

EDWARDS  S. F. ,1991.-  The Demand for Galapagos Vacations: Estimation and Application to Wilderness Preservation ,  Coastal Management , vol.19, n°2, p. 155-169.

 

ELTRINGHAM  S.K. ,1984.- Wildlife and Tourism. New York: John Wiley and Sons edit.

 

EMMONS  K. 1991. - Educational Planning and Ecotourism: Targeting School Students  in Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. 2 J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico.

 

EPLER WOOD M., 1991. -Global Solutions: An Ecotourism Society, In : Nature Tourism: Managing the Environment, ed. T. Whelan. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

 

EPLER WOOD M. , 1992. - The Role of Tourism in Expanding Support for Protected Areas. Paper presented at the IVth World Congress on National Parks and Protected Areas, Caracas, Venezuela.

 

 

 

FARRELL B. H, 1992. - Tourism as an element of sustainable development  In  V. L SMITH & W. E EADINGTON ( Eds .) , Tourism alternatives : potentials and problems in the development of Tourism , Philadelphia , University of Pennsylvania Press edit., p. 115-134 .

FARELL B. & RUNYAN D. , 1991. -Ecology and Tourism , Annals of Tourism Research  vol. 18 , n°1: p. 26-40.

 

FAUST B. , 1991.- Maya Culture and Maya Participation in the international Ecotourism and Resource Conservation Project  in :  Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. L J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico.

 

FEDER  H., 1991.- Selling the Ecotourism Concept  in Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. 2 J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico.

 

FENNELL D.A  , 1990. -A Profile of Ecotourists and the Benefits Derived from their Experience - A Costa Rica Case Study. Unpublished Masters Thesis, Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo.

FENNELL D. A, 2003.- Ecotourism- An Introduction, Routledge edit., coll.Business/ Economics/ Finance , 320 p.

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FENNELL D.A. & SMALE B.J., 1992.- Ecotourism and Natural Resource Protection, Tourism Recreation Research  vol.17, n°1 , p.21-32.

FIGGIS  P.J. (1993).- Ecotourism: special interest or major direction? Habitat Australia. February, pp. 8-11.

FILANI M.O. , 1975 .- The Role of National Tourist Associations in the Preserving of the Environment in Africa , Journal of Travel Research , vol.13 , n°4, p.  7-12.

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FULLER D., BUULTJENS J. & CUMMINGS E., 2004. - Ecotourism and indigenous micro-enterprise formation  in northern Australia opportunities  and constraints , Tourism Management , august 2004.


 

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GAKAHU C.G.,(  ed.  ) , 1992.  - Tourist Attitudes and Use Impacts in Maasai Mara National Reserve. Nairobi: Wildlife Conservation International.

 

GARRETT W.E. , 1989 , - La Ruta Maya , National Geographic  vol.176, n°4 , p. 424-479.

 

GELZON  D. , 1991.-  Ecotourism in the Galapagos Islands: Success or Failure? in Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. 1 J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico.

 

GIANNECHINNI J., 1993.- Ecotourism: New Partners, New Relationships, Conservation Biology, June , vol.7 , n° 2.

GILBERT J., 1997. - Ecotourism means business ,Wellington , New Zealand , GP Publications edit.

GLICK , D. , 1991. - Tourism in Greater Yellowstone: Maximizing the Good, Minimizing the Bad, Eliminating the Ugly. In Nature Tourism: Managing for the Environment. Island Press, p. 58-74.

GOODWIN H., 1996.- In pursuit of Ecotourism ;Biodiversity and Conservation vol.5 , fasc.3 , p. 277-291 .

GOSSLING S., 1999.- Ecotourism: a means to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem functions? Ecological Economics, Volume 29, n°2, May 1999, P. 303-320

GRANDBOIS M., 2005.- Ecotourisme et aires protégées littorales et maritimes en Guadeloupe et en Martinique in: BRETON J.M (Sous la dir . de),Tourisme, environnement et aires protégées (Antilles-Guyane/Haïti/Québec), Paris, éditions Karthala/CREJETA, 525 p. , p. 111-128 .

GROOM M. ,1991. -Management of Ecotourism in Manu Biosphere Reserve, Peru: Controlling Negative Effects on Beach-Nesting Birds and Other Riverine Animals in : Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. 2 J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico.

 

GROOME D. , 1991.- Is Your Journey Really Necessary? Transport and green Tourism, Interpretation Journal. Vol.49 , p.14-16.

 

GROTTA D. , 1991.- Journalism and Ecotourism in : Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. 2 J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico.

 

GROTTA S. W. , 1991.- The Ecotourist as Ambassador in : Ecotourism and Resource Conservation. Vol. 1 J. Kusler (ed.) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Ecotourism, Merida, Mexico

 

 

 

HACHILEKA E., 1999. - An environmental impact assessment of tourism in Zambia’s Lower Zambezi National Park , In REID D. G ( Ed.) , Ecotourism development in eastern and southern Africa , The University of Guelph , CA , Avondale ,Weawer press edit, 192 p., p. 125-150.

HALL C. M , 1992. - Environmental impact of Tourism in South Pacific in the Pacific in HALL C. M & PAGE S.J  ( Eds.) , Tourism in the Pacific : Issues and cases, London , International Thomson Business Press edit., p. 65-80. 

HALL C. M, 1994.- Ecotourism in Australia ,New-Zealand and the South Pacific  : Appropriate Tourism or a new ecological imperialism ? in E.EATER  &  G. LOWMAN ( Eds.) ,Ecotourism : a sustainable option ? , Chichester , John Wiley and sons edit., p.1387-157.

HALL C.M. & RUDKIN B. (1993).- Ecotourism as appropriate tourism?: a case study from the Solomon Islands. Paper presented at the 13th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Symposium on Tourism as a Determinant of Culture Change, July.

HARRISON D., 2001.- Islands, Image and Tourism , Tourism Recreation Research vol.26 n°3 , p. 7-12.

HARRISON D., 2001.- Tourism and the less developed countries  : Key issues in HARRIOSN D. ( Ed.) , Tourism and less developed world. Issues and case studies , Wallingford , CABI International edit., p. 23-46.

HARRISON D. & BRANDT J., 2003. - Ecotourism in Fiji in HARRISON D. ( Ed.) , Pacific Island Tourism, Cognizant Communication Corporation edit., Elmsford, N.Y ,  coll. Tourism dynamics , 203 p. , p. 139-156.

HARRISON D., SAWAILAN S. & MALANI M., 2003. - Ecotourism and village-based Tourism : a policy and strategy for Fiji in HARRISON D. ( Ed.) , Pacific Island Tourism, Cognizant Communication Corporation edit., Elmsford, N.Y ,  coll. Tourism dynamics , 203 p. , p. 157-170.

HARVEY J. & HOARE A. (1995).- Benefits to local communities from ecotourism. In: Haysmith, L. and Harvey, J. (eds). Nature Conservation and Ecotourism in Central America. Florida: Wildlife Conservation Society, pp. 52-64.

HAYSMITH L. (1995).- Potential negative impacts from ecotourism on the environment. In: Haysith, L. and Harvey, J. (eds). Nature Conservation and Ecotourism in Central America. Florida: Wildlife Conservation Society, pp. 78-101.

HEALY R.G. (1994).- ‘Tourist merchandise’ as a means of generating local benefits from ecotourism, Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Vol.2 (3), pp. 137-151.

HERITIER S., 2004.- Here, at last, is  Peace - le parc international de la Paix Waterton-Glacier et la gestion traditionnelle des espaces protégés ( Alberta-Canada, Montana- Etats-unis ), Etudes canadiennes vol.57, p. 51-71.

HERITIER S., 2006.- Nature mobile et touriste transporté: enjeux et problèmes liés aux déplacements touristiques dans les parcs natiionaux des montagnes de l'Ouest canadien, Cahiers de Géographie n°4, p.125-138.

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 Webographie

1-

The International ecotourism Society
http://www.ecotourism.org/index2.php?home 

Ecotourism : fueling development in Southern Africa ( Resource Africa Fact sheet n°9 )
http://www.resourceafrica.org/documents/facts/f09.pdf

“Ecotourism propels development But social acceptance depends on economic opportunities for local communities” By Frances E. Vieta ( African recovery , an united nations publication )
http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/vol13no1/tourism.htm

Further resources on Ecotourism in Southern Africa, especially in Kwala-Zulu Natal region ( Web resources )
http://www.rgs.org/pdf/Information%20on%20ecotourism%20in%20South%20Africa.pdf

The evolution of Ecotourism in East Africa : from an idea to an industry  de J. R Watkin (March 2002)
http://www.eldis.org/static/DOC13154.htm
http://www.iied.org/docs/blg/ecotour_eafrica.pdf

Super African dreams : the mythology of community development in transfrontier conservation areas in Southern Africa de M. Draper & H. Wels ( November 2002 )
http://asc.leidenuniv.nl/pdf/paper12112002-draperwels.pdf

Challenges of partnerships in Tourism projects : the case of Kimani and Golini Mwalunganje sanctuaries in Kenya de J. Mburu
http://asc.leidenuniv.nl/pdf/paper12112002-johnmburu.pdf

Ecotourism development .A manual for conservation planners and managers , vol.II : The business of Ecotourism development and management de A.Dumm , A. Moore & A. Soles
http://nature.org/aboutus/travel/ecotourism/files/manual_vol2_english.pdf

Ecotourism development in the Waterberg Biosphere Reserve (University of Pretoria , etd. , 2003 )
http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09022003-113240/unrestricted/04chapter4.pdf

The evolution of Ecotourism : evolution and trends de D. Diamantis
http://www.channelviewpublications.net/cit/002/0093/cit0020093.pdf

An evaluation of deep  ecotourism and shallow ecotourism de T.G Accott, H.L La Trobe & Howard S.R
http://www.channelviewpublications.net/jost/006/0238/jost0060238.pdf

The social construction of Artic Wilderness, place meanings, value pluralism and Globalization de D.R Williams
http://www.fs.usda.gov/rm/value/docs/dp-01-3.pdf

 

 

2-

ATEN
Atelier techniques des espaces naturels

http://www.espaces-naturels.fr/ 

AWF
African Wildlife Foundation
http://www.awf.org/ 

Birdlife International
http://www.birdlife.org/ 

Conservation International ( C.I )
http://www.conservation.org/Pages/default.aspx 

CITES
Convention de Washington
http://www.cites.org/fra/index.shtml 

Conservatoire du littoral
http://www.conservatoire-du-littoral.fr/front/process/Home.asp

Conservation Geoportal
http://www.conservationmaps.org/index.jsp

Convention sur la diversité biologique
http://www.cbd.int/doc/legal/cbd-fr.pdf

Fonds mondial pour l’environnement (Global Environment Facility)
http://www.gefweb.org/ 

European Geopoarks
http://www.europeangeoparks.org/isite/home/1%2C1%2C0.asp

Fédération des parcs naturels régionaux de France
http://www.parcs-naturels-regionaux.tm.fr/fr/accueil/ 

Indigenous Protected Areas Program
http://www.environment.gov.au/indigenous/ipa/index.html 

MPA Global (Réseau des espaces  protégés marins)
http://www.mpaglobal.org/index.php?action=search 

National Park Service
http://www.nps.gov/ 

National Trust
http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/ 

Parcs nationaux de France
http://www.parcsnationaux.fr/ 

Peace Parks Foundation
http://www.peaceparks.org/Home.htm 

PNUE (Programme de l’ONU pour l’environnement)
http://www.unep.org/french/ 

Pro Natura
http://www.pronatura.org/index.php 

RAMSAR
http://www.ramsar.org/indexfr.htm 

SNPN (Société nationale pour la protection de la Nature, France)
http://www.snpn.com/ 

SPPEF  (Société pour la protection des paysages et de l’esthétique de la France)
http://sppef.free.fr/ 

TBPA  (Réseau des espaces protégés transnationaux)
http://www.cipra.org/fr/alpmedia/nouveautes/2548

TNC (The Nature Conservancy)
http://www.nature.org/ 

UICN (Union mondiale pour la nature)
http://www.uicn.fr/ 

WCMC  (World Conservation Monitoring Centre)
http://www.wcmc.org.uk/ 

WDBPA ( Base de données mondiale sur les espaces protégés )
http://www.wdpa.org/ 

WWF
http://www.wwf.fr/

 


 

 

 

 

 

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